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Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park

Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park, located at the southern tip of Key Biscayne near Miami, Florida, offers a picturesque blend of natural beauty, historical significance, and recreational activities. This park, spanning over 400 acres, is not only a haven for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers but also a place rich in history with the iconic Cape Florida Lighthouse standing as its sentinel. This profile explores the diverse aspects of Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park, including its history, attractions, natural features, and the activities it offers to its visitors.

Historical Background

Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park is named after Bill Baggs, an editor of the Miami News from 1957 to 1969, who was instrumental in efforts to protect this slice of coastal paradise from development. The park’s most notable historical feature is the Cape Florida Lighthouse, which was built in 1825 and is the oldest standing structure in Miami-Dade County. The lighthouse has a storied past, having been attacked during the Second Seminole War in 1836 and subsequently rebuilt in 1846. Today, it stands as a powerful reminder of Florida’s early maritime history.

Park Features and Attractions

Cape Florida Lighthouse

The lighthouse and the adjacent keeper’s cottage are open for guided tours, offering visitors a glimpse into 19th-century life along Florida’s coast. The view from the top of the lighthouse is breathtaking, overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, Biscayne Bay, and the Miami skyline.


The park features over a mile of sandy beaches that are ranked among the top ten beaches in America. These beaches are perfect for swimming, sunbathing, and picnicking, with their gentle waves and crystal-clear waters. The eastern side of the park, facing the Atlantic Ocean, attracts those looking to relax in a more natural and serene setting.

Nature Trails

Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park is crisscrossed with nature trails that allow visitors to explore various habitats within the park. The trails wind through coastal dunes, mangrove wetlands, and tropical hardwood hammocks, offering opportunities to observe the rich biodiversity of the area.

Wildlife Viewing

The park is a vital habitat for many species of wildlife, including birds, butterflies, and sea turtles. It is part of the Great Florida Birding Trail, and visitors might spot ospreys, pelicans, and possibly the elusive peregrine falcon. The park’s beaches are also nesting grounds for loggerhead sea turtles during the summer months.

Recreational Activities

Kayaking and Canoeing

The park’s clear, shallow waters are ideal for kayaking and canoeing, particularly along the mangrove-lined shores of Biscayne Bay. Rentals are available, and visitors can explore the calm waters at their own pace.


Anglers can enjoy shore-based fishing along the seawall, particularly at the southern end of the park, where snook, mackerel, and tarpon are common catches.


With its flat, scenic roads and trails, the park is popular among cyclists. Bike rentals are available, allowing visitors to explore the park’s full extent comfortably.


Numerous picnic areas equipped with tables and grills are scattered throughout the park, making it an ideal spot for family gatherings or a quiet lunch by the sea.

Conservation Efforts

Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park is actively engaged in environmental conservation, including habitat restoration projects for beach vegetation and efforts to protect endangered species like the sea turtles. The park also focuses on educating visitors about the importance of preserving natural resources and respecting wildlife.


Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park is more than just a park; it’s a vibrant testament to Florida’s history, a refuge for diverse wildlife, and a beloved recreational destination. Whether you’re climbing the historic lighthouse, kayaking along the bay, or simply enjoying the tranquility of its pristine beaches, this park offers a multitude of ways to connect with nature and escape the hustle and bustle of city life. It stands as a proud reminder of the beauty and history of Key Biscayne, inviting everyone to explore its rich landscapes and waters.

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